How Much Should My Joints Move?

Below are the normal active range of motion (AROM) values for the joints of the body. The value listed are published by the AAOS (American Association of Orthopaedic Surgeons) and the AMA (American Medical Association).

Joint Motion AAOS AMA
Cervical (Neck) Flexion 45 50
Extension 45 60
Lateral Flexion 45 45
Rotation 60 80
Thoracic and Lumbar (Mid and Low Back) Flexion 80 60
Extension 25 25
Lateral Flexion 35 25
Rotation 45 30
Glenohumeral (Shoulder) Flexion 180 150
Extension 60 50
Abduction 180 180
Medial Rotation 70 90
Lateral Rotation 90 90
Humeroulnar (Elbow) Flexion 150 140
Extension 0 0
Radioulnar (Forearm) Pronation 80 80
Supination 80 80
Radiocarpal (Wrist) Flexion 80 60
Extension 70 60
Radial Deviation 20 20
Ulnar Deviation 30 30
Hand, Digits 2-5 (Fingers), Metacarpophalangeal (MCP) Flexion 90 90
Extension 45 20
Hand, Digits 2-5 (Fingers), Proximal Interphalangeal (PIP) Flexion 100 100
Extension 0 0
Hand, Digits 2-5 (Fingers), Distal Interphalangeal (DIP) Flexion 90 70
Extension 0 0
Hand, Digit 1 (Thumb), Carpometacarpal (CMC) Abduction 70 n/a
Flexion 15 n/a
Extension 20 50
Hand, Digit 1 (Thumb), Metacarpophalangeal (MCP) Flexion 50 60
Extension 0 0
Hand, Digit 1 (Thumb), Interphalangeal (IP) Flexion 80 80
Extension 20 10
Acetabulofemoral (Hip) Flexion 120 100
Extension 20 30
Abduction 45 40
Adduction 30 20
Medial Rotation 45 50
Lateral Rotation 45 50
Tibiofemoral (Knee) Flexion 135 150
Extension 10 n/a
Talocrural (Ankle) Dorsiflexion 20 20
Plantar Flexion 50 40
Inversion 35 30
Eversion 15 20
Foot, Digit 1 (Big Toe), Metatarsophalangeal (MTP) Flexion 45 30
Extension 70 50